|Beyond Max-SNR: Joint Encoding for Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
|Roy Karasik, Technion, Israel; Osvaldo Simeone, King’s College London, United Kingdom; Marco Di Renzo, CentraleSupélec, France; Shlomo Shamai (Shitz), Technion, Israel
|W.2: Intelligent Surface
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|A communication link aided by a Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface (RIS) is studied, in which the transmitter can control the state of the RIS via a finite-rate control link. Prior work mostly assumed a fixed RIS configuration irrespective of the transmitted information. In contrast, this work derives information-theoretic limits, and demonstrates that the capacity is achieved by a scheme that jointly encodes information in the transmitted signal as well as in the RIS configuration. In addition, a novel signaling strategy based on layered encoding is proposed that enables practical successive cancellation-type decoding at the receiver. Numerical experiments demonstrate that the standard max-SNR scheme that fixes the configuration of the RIS as to maximize the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) at the receiver is strictly suboptimal, and is outperformed by the proposed strategies at all practical SNR levels.