|On the Storage Cost of Private Information Retrieval
|Chao Tian, Texas A&M University, United States
|P.8: Private Information Retrieval I
|Cryptography, Security and Privacy
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|We consider the fundamental tradeoff between the storage cost and the download cost in private information retrieval systems, without any explicit structural restrictions on the storage codes, such as maximum distance separable codes or uncoded storage. Two novel outer bounds are provided, which have the following implications. When the messages are stored without any redundancy across the databases, the optimal PIR strategy is to download all the messages; on the other hand, for PIR capacity-achieving codes, each database can reduce the storage cost, from storing all the messages, by no more than one message on average. We then focus on the two-message two-database case, and show that a stronger outer bound can be derived through a novel pseudo-message technique.