|Online Memorization of Random Firing Sequences by a Recurrent Neural Network
|Patrick Murer, Hans-Andrea Loeliger, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
|L.1: Application-Specific Learning
|Statistics and Learning Theory
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|This paper studies the capability of a recurrent neural network model to memorize random dynamical firing patterns by a simple local learning rule. Two modes of learning/memorization are considered: The first mode is strictly online, with a single pass through the data, while the second mode uses multiple passes through the data. In both modes, the learning is strictly local (quasi-Hebbian): At any given time step, only the weights between the neurons firing (or supposed to be firing) at the previous time step and those firing (or supposed to be firing) at the present time step are modified. The main result of the paper is an upper bound on the probability that the single-pass memorization is not perfect. It follows that the memorization capacity in this mode asymptotically scales like that of the classical Hopfield model (which, in contrast, memorizes static patterns). However, multiple-rounds memorization is shown to achieve a higher capacity (with a nonvanishing number of bits per connection/synapse). These mathematical findings may be helpful for understanding the functions of short-term memory and long-term memory in neuroscience.