|Optimal Causal Rate-Constrained Sampling for a Class of Continuous Markov Processes
|Nian Guo, Victoria Kostina, California Institute of Technology, United States
|O.5: Topics in Source Coding
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|Consider the following communication scenario. An encoder observes a stochastic process and causally decides when and what to transmit about it, under a constraint on bits transmitted per second. A decoder uses the received codewords to causally estimate the process in real time. The encoder and the decoder are synchronized in time. We aim to find the optimal encoding and decoding policies that minimize the end-to-end estimation mean-square error under the rate constraint. For a class of continuous Markov processes satisfying regularity conditions, we show that the optimal encoding policy transmits a 1-bit codeword once the process innovation passes one of two thresholds. The optimal decoder noiselessly recovers the last sample from the 1-bit codewords and codeword-generating time stamps, and uses it as the running estimate of the current process, until the next codeword arrives. In particular, we show the optimal causal code for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process and calculate its distortion-rate function.